Cryptocurrency for Beginners | Basics: Definition, Examples, How It Works

A cryptocurrency is a digital currency that is created with encryption algorithms. Cryptocurrencies can be used as both a currency or as an accounting system because they are encrypted. You will need a cryptocurrency wallet to use cryptocurrencies.

At the time of its launch, in 2009, many thousand bitcoins were used for purchasing pizza. After a dramatic drop of 70 percent in mid-2018 to just US$6,000, several thousand bitcoins were used to buy pizza. The cryptocurrency’s rapid rise to US$65,000 by April 2021 has boggled the minds of many people, including traders, investors and those who simply missed the boat.

The beginning of digital currency

Keep in mind that the development of digital currency was a result of dissatisfaction at the current financial system. This cryptocurrency was developed using blockchain technology by Satoshi Nagamoto, an anonymous developer who is believed to have used it with a group of developers.

Although many people predicted the demise of cryptocurrency, the performance of bitcoin has inspired many others digital currencies, particularly in recent years. Regulators have been alerted to the fact that the success of crowdfunding due to blockchain fever has attracted scammers to the public.

Beyond Bitcoin

Many other digital currencies have been inspired by Bitcoin. There are more than 1000 versions of digital tokens or coins. They are not all the same, and their value and liquidity can vary.

Tokens, altcoins, and coins

It is enough to state that there are fine distinctions among coins, altcoins, and tokens. Altcoins, or alternative coins, generally refer to other than the pioneering Bitcoin, but altcoins such as ethereum and litecoin, ripple and dogecoin are considered to be in the main category of coins. This means that they can be traded on more cryptocurrency exchanges.

Coins can be used as currency or a store of value, while tokens are assets or utility uses. An example is a blockchain service that manages supply chain management to track and validate wine products from the winery to the consumer.

It is important to remember that coins and tokens with low values offer upside potential but don’t expect the same meteoric rises as bitcoin. The less well-known tokens are easier to buy, but more difficult to sell.

Before you invest in cryptocurrency, make sure to understand the value proposition and technological considerations.

It is similar to an initial public offering (IPO) for those who are familiar with shares and stocks. IPOs can only be issued by companies that have tangible assets and a track record. All of this is done in a controlled environment. An ICO, on the other hand is based solely on an idea that was presented in a whitepaper by a business – still in operation and without assets – that is seeking funds to start it up.

Unregulated. Buyers beware

Digital currency is a case in point. Regulations and regulators are still struggling to keep up with the constantly evolving cryptocurrencies. In the crypto space, the golden rule is “caveat emptor”, which means that the buyer should beware.

While some countries remain open-minded, others have adopted a policy of non-intervention for blockchain applications and cryptocurrencies. They also keep an eye out for scams. Regulators in other countries are more concerned about the pros and cons of digital money. Regulators are generally aware of the need for a balance, and many are looking at securities laws to help them understand the various cryptocurrencies.

First step

To get started with cryptocurrency, you will need a wallet. Consider e-banking, but with virtual currency. Security is the most important thing in crypto.

Digital wallets are the most common type. There are two types.

  • Hot wallets, which are connected to the Internet, put users at risk of being hacked
  • These cold wallets are considered safer because they are not connected to the Internet.

Apart from the two main types of wallets, it should be noted that there are wallets just for one cryptocurrency and others for multi-cryptocurrency. You can also have a multisignature wallet. This is similar to having a joint bank account.

You can choose which wallet you want, depending on whether your interest is in bitcoin or ethereum. Each coin has its own wallet. Or, you can use a third party wallet that includes security features.

Wallet Notes

A cryptocurrency wallet contains a private and public key. It also has personal transaction records. The public key refers to the address or cryptocurrency account, just like the name needed to receive a check payment.

While the public key is visible to all, transactions can only be confirmed after verification and validation that are based on each cryptocurrency’s consensus mechanism.

The private key is the PIN used to make e-financial payments. This means that the user should not divulge the private keys to others and should keep backups of the data offline.

It is sensible to keep a small amount of cryptocurrency in a hot wallet, while a larger amount should be kept in a cold one. The private key can be lost just like your cryptocurrency. All the usual precautions regarding online financial transactions apply. These include strong passwords and being aware of malware and phishing.

Wallet formats

There are many types of wallets to choose from, depending on your personal preferences.

  • Hardware wallets that are made by third parties must be purchased. These devices function in a similar way to a USB device, but are considered safe and can only be connected when necessary to the Internet.
  • Hot wallets are those that put users at risk by being web-based.
  • Software-based wallets that can be used on desktops and mobiles are usually free of charge. They could also be offered by coin issuers, or third parties.
  • You can print paper-based wallets that contain the data about the cryptocurrency you own with your public and private keys in QR code format. They should be kept safe until needed for crypto transactions. In case of water damage, or fading of printed data through time, copies should be made.

Markets and crypto exchanges

There are many trading platforms that offer virtual currency trading. Other options include websites that allow buyers and sellers to trade directly, as well as brokers. These sites can be used for transactions where there is no market price but the deal is settled between the parties.

There are many cryptocurrency exchanges that are located in different countries, but each one has its own security standards and infrastructure. Some allow anonymous registration and require only email to open an account. Others require you to provide your email address in order for you trade. Others, however, require that users comply with international identity verification (known as Know Your Customer) and anti-money laundering measures.

The user can choose the crypto exchange that suits them best. However, anonymous exchanges may limit the trading or be subject to new regulations in their country. Users can trade quickly with minimal administrative requirements by using anonymous registration. However, KYC and AML processes may take longer.

Every crypto trade must be properly processed and validated. This can vary depending on the amount of trades and the coins or tokens involved. Scalability is a problem with cryptocurrency and developers are looking for solutions.

Two categories are available for cryptocurrency exchanges.

  • Fiat-cryptocurrency These exchanges allow fiat-cryptocurrency purchases via direct transfer from bank, credit and debit cards or ATMs in certain countries.
  • Only cryptocurrency. Crypto exchanges that deal in cryptocurrency. Customers must have a cryptocurrency, such as bitcoin, to be able to ‘exchange’ it for other coins or tokens based on market rates.

To facilitate the sale and purchase of crypto currencies, fees are required. To ensure that they are satisfied with the infrastructure and security measures, as well as the fees charged by different exchanges, users should conduct research.

Can I Create My Own Cryptocurrency?

Here are some things you should do to get started with your own cryptocurrency.

Create A Blockchain

blockchain creator

Building a blockchain is the first step to creating the best cryptocurrency. Blockchain technology is the backbone of all cryptocurrency you can see today. Each cryptocurrency’s details are stored in a blockchain.

This ledger shows you the history of each cryptocurrency you own. It also provides more information about who has owned cryptocurrency coins before you.


Every piece of software you see online is made from a code. The same applies to cryptocurrency. The majority of cryptocurrency is created using the same code. Most cryptocurrency are created using C++ code. All the code you need can be outsourced to GitHub and used to create your cryptocurrency. The code may differ from what you have specified. You will need to add programs if your blockchain is more complex or faster. Programs can be created in a matter of days or months.

To make the best cryptocurrency, it is important to put in the highest level of security. Hackers are everywhere, and it is your responsibility to eliminate them. The use of both the private and public keys is a powerful tool to get rid of hackers. Because every key is generated using the previous key, each key can be traced back to the original key. Cryptography allows each key to be traced back to the original transaction.

Also, you should ensure that you have a pool for miners. You need a stable cryptocurrency such as bitcoin. Anyone can become a miner. Two things are done by a miner.

-Create the crypto coin
-Authenticates cryptocurrency

It is important to establish a standard method of creating and authenticating your crypto currency.

Access the Market Needs

According to many cryptocurrency experts, the most important thing is accessing market needs. It is important to be open-minded and look at what other cryptocurrencies have not offered. Bitcoin is the largest cryptocurrency on the market today.

It was created to facilitate faster transactions in the online world. Bitcoin gained much attention because it could hide the identities of its users. Although they remained anonymous, one could still make a legitimate transaction. These are the most important aspects to consider when creating cryptocurrency.

You must be able to market your cryptocurrency properly to make it a successful one. You can do this by asking merchants to accept your cryptocurrency for payment. These are the most effective ways to create a crypto coin.

What is the cost of creating a cryptocurrency?

It depends on what you need, creating a cryptocurrency could cost anywhere between $3000 and $6000 . It can cost as much as $6,000 to get a custom-built, feature-rich cryptocurrency.